Yellow-bellied Sea Snake:
A rare yellow-bellied snake was seen on the coast of Digha, Bay of Bengal, amid huge tides recently.
- Yellow-bellied Sea Snake is a highly venomous species of snake that belongs to the subfamily Hydrophiinae (the sea snakes).
- Scientific Name: Pelamis platurus
- This snake is considered the most widely-distributed snake in the world.
- It is found in tropical and subtropical waters around the world.
- It is found in tropical ocean waters in the Indian and Pacific Oceans, including the coasts of Africa, Asia, Australia, Mexico, including Baja California, and Central America.
- It has a distinctive bicolor pattern with a yellow underbelly and brown back and a flattened yellowtail with large black spots.
- It is a diurnal sea snake and primarily aquatic, living its entire life cycle at sea.
- This snake can spend up to 3 hours underwater without surfacing.
- Adaptations to aquatic life include reduced ventral scale size, laterally compressed body and paddle-tail for swimming, valved nostrils and palatine seal for excluding seawater, and cutaneous gas exchange for prolonging dive times.
- This species can uptake up to 33% of its oxygen requirements through the skin while diving and swimming at the surface of the water.
- They are carnivores (piscivores) and eat only fish.
- Conservation Status:
- IUCN Red List: Least Concern