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Yellow-bellied Sea Snake

Yellow-bellied Sea Snake:

A rare yellow-bellied snake was seen on the coast of Digha, Bay of Bengal, amid huge tides recently.

  • Yellow-bellied Sea Snake is a highly venomous species of snake that belongs to the subfamily Hydrophiinae (the sea snakes).
  • Scientific Name: Pelamis platurus
  • This snake is considered the most widely-distributed snake in the world.
  • It is found in tropical and subtropical waters around the world.
  • It is found in tropical ocean waters in the Indian and Pacific Oceans, including the coasts of Africa, Asia, Australia, Mexico, including Baja California, and Central America.
  • It has a distinctive bicolor pattern with a yellow underbelly and brown back and a flattened yellowtail with large black spots.
  • It is a diurnal sea snake and primarily aquatic, living its entire life cycle at sea.
  • This snake can spend up to 3 hours underwater without surfacing.
  • Adaptations to aquatic life include reduced ventral scale size, laterally compressed body and paddle-tail for swimming, valved nostrils and palatine seal for excluding seawater, and cutaneous gas exchange for prolonging dive times.
  • This species can uptake up to 33% of its oxygen requirements through the skin while diving and swimming at the surface of the water.
  • They are carnivores (piscivores) and eat only fish.
  • Conservation Status:
    • IUCN Red List: Least Concern