Tobacco Control : WHO Report
The new WHO report on tobacco control highlights global progress, including the implementation of MPOWER measures.
- MPOWER measures are tobacco control strategies developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2008. They include:
- M=Monitor tobacco use
- P=Protect people from tobacco smoke
- O=Offer help to quit tobacco
- W=Warn about tobacco dangers
- E=Enforce bans on tobacco advertising
- R=Raise taxes on tobacco products
Key highlights of the Report:
- Global Smoking Decline Worldwide, with 300 million fewer smokers today, the prevalence of smoking declined from 22.8% (2007) to 17% (2021)
- Over 5 billion people (71% of the global population) are protected by at least one MPOWER measure
- The number of countries implementing at least one MPOWER measure increased from 44 (2008) to 151 (2022).
- Only 4 counties (Brazil, Turkey, Netherlands, and Mauritius) have implemented all measures.
- Warning WHO warns against the aggressive promotion of e-cigarettes as a safer alternative, especially for youth
- Second-hand smoke exposure is linked to over 1 million non-smoker deaths annually, various health issues
- India excels in health warning labels and tobacco dependence treatment; bans sale of e-cigarettes
27% reduction in smoking in public places in Bengaluru due to enforcement and communication efforts
- Need for warnings on OTT platforms, stronger enforcement, bans on loose cigarette sales, and increased fines; Bans on tobacco advertising can minimize its consumption
- Efforts to reduce second-hand smoking through smoke-free public areas and awareness campaigns