Sovereign Credit Rating:
Global credit rating agency Fitch recently downgraded US Sovereign rating from AAA to AA+.
- Credit rating is an assessment of the creditworthiness of a borrower, including an individual, a company, or a country.
- Sovereign Credit Rating is an independent assessment of the creditworthiness of a country or sovereign entity.
- Governments borrow huge funds by issuing debt instruments like government bonds. Creditworthiness here means the ability of the government to pay back its debt without default.
- Sovereign credit ratings can give investors insights into the level of risk associated with investing in the debt instruments (like bonds) of a given country, including political risks.
- Standard & Poor’s, Moody’s, and Fitch Ratings are the three most influential credit rating agencies.
- When evaluating the creditworthiness of a country, credit rating agencies consider various economic and financial indicators of the country, including its economic growth, fiscal policies, public debt levels, political stability, and external trade position, to assign an appropriate credit rating.