Today Current Affairs: 22nd November 2022 for UPSC IAS exams, State PSC exams, SSC CGL, State SSC, RRB, Railways, Banking Exam & IBPS, etc
Koronivia Joint Work On Agriculture:
India recently communicated strong objections to discussions under a special UN Framework Convention on Climate Change effort known as the Koronivia Joint Work on Agriculture, which has sought to expand efforts to reduce emissions of greenhouses gases to the agriculture sector.
- It aims to recognise the unique potential of agriculture in tackling climate change.
- It was established at the 23rd Conference of the Parties (COP) in Fiji in 2017 as a new process to advance discussions on agriculture in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
- The joint work will address six topics related to soils, nutrient use, water, livestock, methods for assessing adaptation, and the socio-economic and food security dimensions of climate change across the agricultural sectors.
Loss And Damages Fund : COP27
COP27 established ‘Loss and Damages’ fund (L&D) for climate reparations.
- It refers to costs the rich and developed countries, who are majorly responsible for industrial emissions that pollute the environment, should pay to poorer nations that have made negligible contribution to pollution but are more vulnerable to extreme climate events.
- The expected monetary compensation from the L&D fund is estimated to be nearly $500 billion and rising by $200 billion annually.
- Crucial questions such as who will manage this fund, whether contributions are expected from large developing countries and what the fair share of contributors will be have been left to a “transitional committee” that will make recommendations for the adoption of the fund at the next Conference of the Parties (COP) of the UN’s Framework Convention for Climate Change, to be held in the UAE in 2023.
GHAR – GO Home And Re-Unite:
The National Commission for the Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) has recently launched the ‘GHAR – GO Home and Re-Unite’.
- It addresses the changed roles of CWCs and District Child Protection (DCPO) for children in need of care and protection.
- The portal was developed by the NCPCR.
- The portal has digital tracking and monitoring of children who are in the Juvenile Justice system and need to be repatriated to another country/state/district.
- Digital transfer of cases of children to the concerned JJB/CWC of the State.
- It will help in speedy repatriation of children.
- List of Government implemented schemes will be provided, so that at the time of restoration the CWCs can link the child with the schemes to strengthen the family and ensure that child remains with his/her family.
Digital Personal Data Protection Bill 2022:
The Union Government has released a revised personal data protection bill, now called the Digital Personal Data Protection Bill, 2022.
- The Bill has been introduced after 3 months of the withdrawal of the Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019.
- Principles of the 2022 Bill:
- First Principle: Usage of personal data by organisations must be done in a manner that is lawful, fair to the individuals concerned and transparent to individuals.
- Second:Personal data must only be used for the purposes for which it was collected.
- The third principle talks of data minimisation.
- The fourth principle puts an emphasis on data accuracy when it comes to collection.
- The fifth principle talks of how personal data that is collected cannot be “stored perpetually by default” and storage should be limited to a fixed duration.
- The sixth principle says that there should be reasonable safeguards to ensure there is “no unauthorized collection or processing of personal data”.
- Seventh principle states that “the person who decides the purpose and means of the processing of personal data should be accountable for such processing”.
Gandhi Mandela Award 2022:
The 14th Dalai Lama was recently conferred the Gandhi Mandela Award 2022 at Thekchen Choeling in Dharamshala’s McleodGanj by Himachal Pradesh governor Rajendra Vishwanath Arlekar.
- Government of India registered Trust, the Gandhi Mandela Foundation is a non-profit organisation, formed with the motive to promote Mahatma Gandhi’s and former President of South Africa Nelson Mandela’s values of non-violence.
- It has constituted an international prize, the Gandhi Mandela Award.
- The foundation instituted the award on the 150th birth anniversary of the Father of the Nation, MK Gandhi.
- The award is given to personalities who have carried forward the legacies of Gandhi and Mandela by making significant contributions in the fields of Peace, Social Welfare, Culture, Environment, Education, Healthcare, Sports and Innovation.
Black-Naped Pheasant-Pigeon was rediscovered after 140 years.
- Before the recent rediscovery, Black-Naped Pheasant-Pigeon was first and last seen in 1882.
- It is a large, terrestrial pigeon having black and orange feathers and red eyes.
- It feeds on seeds and fallen fruits.
- The species is endemic to Fergusson Island in Papua New Guinea.
- It split from the species Otidiphaps nobilis, which diverged from all other species some 26.1 million years ago.
- Otidiphaps nobilis is part of the Columbidae family, which diverged from all other species during the Paleogene period, some 32.7 million years ago.
- The population is dwindling because of the loss of forest habitats, which is caused by the logging and conversion for subsistence agriculture gardens. Conservation activities of the species’ habitat are few and far between.
- In July 2021, though the species’ population is undetermined, was listed as a critically endangered species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), with an estimated population of 50 to 249 birds.