Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART)

Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART):

India is a facing shortage of dolutegravir (given to adults and children) and nevirapine drugs (only for infants) used in ART for HIV-positive patients.

  • These drugs help in protecting CD4 cells thus keeping the immune system strong enough to fight off the disease.
  • HIV attacks CD4 (a type of White Blood Cell (T cells)- which detects anomalies and infections in cells).
  • Patient with HIV can have CD4 count as low as 200 (a normal person have a 500-1600 count)
  • As per the India HIV Estimation 2019 report, incidences of HIV had been reducing in India since 2000.
  • Recently: A US patient with leukaemia has become the first woman and the third person to date to be cured of HIV after receiving a stem cell transplant from a donor who was naturally resistant to the virus that causes AIDS

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