Aral Sea : Study
NASA’s Earth Observatory posted a detailed analysis of the reason behind Aral Sea’s disappearance.
- Aral Sea stands at the boundary between Kazakhstan to the north and Uzbekistan to the south.
- It was once a large saltwater lake of Central Asia and the world’s fourth largest body of inland water.
- The remnants of it nestle in the climatically inhospitable heart of Central Asia, to the east of the Caspian Sea.
- The Aral Sea depression was formed toward the end of the Neogene Period
- It was made by waters from the Syr Darya and the Amu Darya rivers that were dependent on glacial melt.
- It drains Uzbekistan and portions of Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Iran, and Kyrgyzstan.
- The Aral Sea is located within the harsh climate region of Central Asia.
- The area experiences a desert-continental climate, characterised by hot summers, cold winters, and varying diurnal air temperature.