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Bhoodan-Gramdan Movement

Bhoodan-Gramdan Movement:

A village in Maharashtra moved to the Bombay High Court, demanding the implementation of the Gramdan Act.

  • Bhoodan Movement was a socio-political movement started by Vinoba Bhave in 1951 in India.
  • Vinoba Bhave was a disciple of Mahatma Gandhi who chose him as the first individual Satyagrahi and had actively participated in India’s Freedom Struggle.
  • After independence, he realized that the issue of landlessness was a major problem faced by rural India and in 1951, he started the Bhoodan Movement or the land gift movement.
  • It aimed to persuade wealthy landowners to donate a portion of their land to landless peasants.
  • The movement gained momentum when Bhave walked from village to village, requesting landowners to donate their land.
  • The next phase of the Bhoodan movement was the Gramdan Movement or the village gift movement.
  • It aimed to create self-sufficient villages by bringing about collective ownership of land.
  • The Gramdan movement urged villagers to donate their land to a village council, which would then manage and distribute the land to the villagers.
  • This movement gained support from many political leaders and was seen as a solution to the problem of unequal distribution of land in rural India.