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El Salvador Declared Malaria-Free

El Salvador American country Declared Malaria-Free:

El Salvador has become the first country in Central America and the third in all Americas to get the malaria-free certificate from the World Health Organization (WHO) in recent years.

  • A malaria elimination certificate is awarded to a country when the chain of indigenous transmission of the disease has been disrupted nationwide for at least three consecutive years.
  • The only other countries in the WHO Regions of Americas to have eliminated malaria in recent years are Paraguay (2018) and Argentina (2019).
  • Initiated by WHO in 11 high malaria burden countries, including India.
  • In India, Implementation has been started in four states i.e. West Bengal and Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, and Madhya Pradesh.

About Malaria:

  • Caused by a parasite that commonly infects a certain type of mosquito which feeds on humans.
  • Spread: Female Anopheles mosquitoes deposit parasite sporozoites into the skin of a human host.