The G4 countries have reiterated that expansion of UN Security Council in both permanent and non-permanent categories is essential to make the body more representative, legitimate, effective and efficient.
- The G4 is a grouping of Brazil, Germany, India and Japan which are aspiring to become permanent members of the UNSC.
- They are supporting each other’s bids for permanent membership of the UNSC.
- The G4 nations traditionally meet on the sidelines of the annual high-level UN General Assembly session.
- The Uniting for Consensus (UfC), or the Coffee Club, emerged in the 1990s in opposition to the potential extension of permanent seats on the UN Security Council.
- Italy along with Pakistan, Mexico and Egypt founded the Coffee Club in 1995 to reject the proposal to increase the number of permanent seats in the UNSC.
UN Security Council:
- EST: United Nations charter in 1945
- HQ: New York City, USA.
- Members: 15 members
- Permanent members with veto power (P5 members): the United States, the Russian Federation, France, China and the United Kingdom.
- Non-permanent members: The non-permanent members of the Security Council are elected for a term of two years.