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Global Agricultural Productivity Report (GAP Report)

Global Agricultural Productivity Report (GAP Report):

According to a new report, Global agricultural productivity is not growing as fast as the demand for food, amid the impact of climate change.

  • The report was released in conjunction with the World Food Prize Foundation’s annual conference.

Findings of the Report:

  • Total Factor Productivity (TFP) is growing at an annual rate of 1.36% (2020-2019).
  • This is below the Global Agricultural Productivity Index that has set an annual target of 1.73% growth to sustainably meet the needs of consumers for food and bioenergy in 2050.

Factors Responsible for Low TFP Growth:

  • TFP growth is influenced by climate change, weather events, changes in fiscal policy, market conditions, investments in infrastructure and agricultural research and development.

Situation in Different Regions:

  • Drier Regions (Africa and Latin America): Climate change has slowed productivity growth by as much as 34%.
  • High-Income Countries (in North America and Europe): Modest TFP growth.
  • Middle Income Countries (India, China, Brazil and erstwhile Soviet republics): Strong TFP growth rates.
  • Low-Income Countries (Sub-Saharan Africa): TFP is contracting by an average of 0.31% per year.

Significance of Productivity Growth:

  • Destruction of Forest Areas: 36% of the world’s land is used for agriculture. Forests and biodiverse areas will be destroyed for planting or pasture.
  • Diet-Related Diseases: USD 2T in economic losses and 4 million deaths are attributed to diet-related diseases each year.
  • Soil Degradation: 90% of the earth’s soils could be degraded by erosion by 2050.
  • Methane Emissions: 37% of methane emissions from humans influenced activity come from cattle and other ruminants.
  • Loss of Irrigation Water: 40% of irrigation water is lost due to inefficient irrigation.
  • Water sources will be depleted, making prime agricultural land unusable.