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India Became The World’s Fifth-Largest Economy

India Became The World’s Fifth-Largest Economy:

India became the world’s fifth largest economy by overtaking the United Kingdom. Now, the United States, China, Japan, and Germany are the only nations with economies larger than India’s.

  • The real Gross Domestic product (GDP) growth of 6-6.5% in a world full of uncertainties is the new normal and India is set to be the third largest economy by 2029.

Key Highlights :

  • Moving past one of the biggest economies in the world, especially one that ruled over the Indian sub-continent for two centuries, is a major milestone.
  • The size of the Indian economy in ‘nominal’ cash terms in the quarter through March, 2022 was USD 854.7 billion while for UK was USD 816 billion.
  • As of 2022, India has a population of 1.41 billion while the UK’s population is 68.5 million.
  • GDP per capita provides a more realistic comparison of income levels because it divides a country’s GDP by the population of that country.
  • The per capita income in India remains very low, India is ranked 122 out of 190 countries in terms of per capita income in 2021.
  • The low per capita incomes often point to high levels of poverty.
  • At the start of the 19th century, the UK’s share in extreme poverty was considerably higher than India
  • The Universal Health Coverage (UHC) Index is measured on a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best) based on the average coverage of essential services including reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health, infectious diseases, non-communicable diseases and service capacity and access.
  • While faster economic growth and the government’s policy focus on healthcare schemes since 2005 have made a distinct improvement for India, there is still a long way to go.
  • The end goal of higher GDP and faster economic growth is to have better human development parameters.
  • According to HDI (2019), the UK score is 0.932 and India’s score is 0.645 which is comparatively far behind the UK.
  • Despite its secular improvement, India might still take a decade to be where the UK was in 1980.
  • The dramatic shift has been driven by India’s rapid economic growth over the past 25 years as well as downslides in the value of the pound over the last 12 months.
  • The right policy perspective and realignment in global geopolitics could further, also lead to an upward revision in its estimates for India.