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International HPV Awareness Day

International HPV Awareness Day:

Every year, March 4 is observed as International HPV Awareness Day.

  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a group of more than 200 related viruses, of which more than 40 are spread through direct sexual contact.
  • Among these, two HPV types cause genital warts, and about a dozen HPV types can cause certain types of cancer. More than 95% of cervical cancer is caused by the HPV virus.
  • It is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) globally.
  • It also spreads through skin-to-skin contact.
  • Once infected, most people do not develop any symptoms, thereby not being aware that they have the virus.
  • Getting vaccinated against HPV helps prevent cancer in men and women.
  • HPV Vaccination prevents HPV infections that can progress to cancer or genital warts.
  • The HPV vaccination is more efficacious if given between the age group of 9-26 years.
  • Once a person gets HPV, the vaccine may not be as effective.
  • The HPV vaccine isn’t given during pregnancy.