Kargil Vijay Diwas:
The 23rd anniversary of Kargil Vijay Diwas is being observed on the 26th of July 2022.
- The day is dedicated to the martyred soldiers of the Kargil war.
- After the Indo-Pak war of 1971, there had been many military conflicts.
- Both the countries conducted nuclear tests in 1998 which further escalated tensions and finally the Kargil War in 1999.
- Kargil War, also known as the Kargil conflict, was fought between May-July of 1999 in the Kargil (now a district in the UT of Ladakh) district of Jammu and Kashmir along the Line of Control (LoC) in which India got the victory.
- In the year 1999, India and Pakistan signed the Lahore Agreement to mutually resolve the Kashmir issue in a peaceful manner.
- However, the Pakistani troops began infiltrating toward the Indian side of the Line of Control (LoC) under Operation Badr, hoping to cut off Indian Troops in Siachen.
- The Indian Army responded by launching Operation Vijay.
- On 3rd May 1999, Pakistan started this war when it had infiltrated into the high altitudes in the rocky mountainous region of Kargil with around 5,000 soldiers and captured it.
- When the Indian Government got the information about it, ‘Operation Vijay’ was launched by the Indian army to throw back the intruders who had treacherously occupied Indian Territory.