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Special Session Of Parliament

Special Session Of Parliament:

The government has announced a “special session” of Parliament from September 18 to 22, and this has raised questions about the legislative agenda for the session.

  • The term “special session” is not defined in the Constitution but is often used for sessions convened for specific occasions or commemorating milestones.
  • The term “special session” may refer to sessions convened for specific occasions or purposes, often with limitations on parliamentary procedures. Presiding officers chair these sessions.
  • Article 352 of the Constitution mentions a “special sitting of the House” in the context of a Proclamation of Emergency.
  • If Parliament is not in session, one-tenth of Lok Sabha MPs can request a special meeting to disapprove the Emergency.
  • The government, through the Cabinet Committee on Parliamentary Affairs, decides when Parliament meets, including session dates and durations.
  • The President is informed of the Committee’s decisions, and MPs are summoned for the session.
  • Article 85 mandates that there should not be more than a six-month gap between two parliamentary sessions.
  • This provision was adapted from the Government of India Act of 1935
  • India does not have a fixed parliamentary calendar.
  • Traditionally, Parliament meets for three sessions in a year:
    • Budget Session (February-May)
    • Monsoon Session (July-August)
    • Winter Session (November-December)