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U.S. Destroys Last Of Its Declared Chemical Weapons

U.S. Destroys Last Of Its Declared Chemical Weapons:

The United States has destroyed the last of its declared chemical weapons stockpile, a milestone in the history of warfare dating back to the First World War.

  • The U.S. faced a September 30 deadline to eliminate its remaining chemical weapons under the international Chemical Weapons Convention.
  • Chemical Weapons Convention is a multilateral treaty that bans chemical weapons and requires their destruction within a specified period of time.
  • It entered into force on April 29, 1997.
  • It requires states-parties to declare in writing to the OPCW their chemical weapons stockpiles, chemical weapons production facilities (CWPFs), relevant chemical industry facilities, and other weapons-related information.
  • The CWC is open to all nations and currently has 193 states-parties.
  • India is a signatory and party to the Chemical Weapons Convention.
  • It has signed the treaty at Paris on 14th day of January 1993.
  • It is pursuant to provisions of the Convention enacted the Chemical Weapons Convention Act, 2000.

Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW):

  • It is the implementing body of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC).
  • Mission: To implement the provisions of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) in order to achieve the OPCW’s vision of a world that is free of chemical weapons and of the threat of their use, and in which cooperation in chemistry for peaceful purposes for all is fostered.
  • Headquarters: Hague, Netherlands.
  • It receives states-parties’ declarations detailing chemical weapons-related activities or materials and relevant industrial activities.