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World Leprosy Day 2023

World Leprosy Day 2023:

World Leprosy Day is observed on the last Sunday of January every year.

  • In India, it is observed on 30th January every year, coinciding with the death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
  • The theme of World Leprosy Day 2023 is “Act Now. End Leprosy.
  • Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by a type of bacteria, Mycobacterium leprae.
  • The disease predominantly affects the skin and peripheral nerves if left untreated, the disease may cause progressive and permanent disabilities.
  • The bacteria are transmitted via droplets from the nose and mouth during close and frequent contact with untreated cases.
  • The majority of annual new case detections are from South-East Asia.
  • It is a neglected tropical disease (NTD) which still occurs in more than 120 countries, with more than 200 000 new cases reported each year.
  • The Government Of India has launched National Leprosy Eradication Programme (NLEP) to make India leprosy free.
  • It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme under the umbrella of the National Health Mission (NHM).
  • It is implemented in all the States/UTs.