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Worst Cholera Crisis : Congo

Worst Cholera Crisis : Congo

UNICEF said that since 2017, a spike in conflict and displacement in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is pushing children into the worst cholera crisis.

  • Cholera is an acute diarrhoeal infection caused by ingestion of food or water contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
  • It remains a global threat to public health and an indicator of inequity and lack of social development.
  • It is an extremely virulent disease that can cause severe acute watery diarrhoea.
  • The disease can spread rapidly in areas with inadequate sewage and drinking water treatment.
  • There are three WHO pre-qualified oral cholera vaccines (OCV), Dukoral, Shanchol, and Euvichol-Plus.
  • All three vaccines require two doses for full protection.


  • UNICEF stands for the United Nations Children’s Fund.
  • It is a specialised agency of the United Nations dedicated to providing humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers in developing countries.