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CE-20 Cryogenic Engine

CE-20 Cryogenic Engine:

ISRO recently conducted a flight test of cryogenic engine for the Chandrayan-3 mission.

  • CE-20 cryogenic engine has been designed and developed by the Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC) , a subsidiary of ISRO.
  • It will power the Cryogenic Upper Stage of the LVM3 launch vehicle for the Chandrayaan-3 mission.
  • It is the first Indian cryogenic engine to feature a gas-generator cycle.
  • It is one of the most powerful upper-stage cryogenic engines in the world.
  • This engine develops a nominal thrust of 186.36 kN in vacuum.
  • The cryogenic stage is technically a very complex system due to its use of propellants at extremely low temperatures and the associated thermal and structural problems.
  • It uses liquid fuels that are cooled to very low temperatures.
  • A Cryogenic rocket stage is more efficient and provides more thrust for every kilogram of propellant it burns compared to solid and earth-storable liquid propellant rocket stages.