Euro And The U.S. Dollar Reached Parity:
The Euro and the U.S. dollar reached parity, meaning one dollar could buy one euro in the foreign exchange market.
- Since the beginning of the year, the euro has lost about 12% against the U.S. dollar and it is expected to lose more value going forward.
- The price of any currency in a market economy is determined by supply and demand.
- The supply of a country’s currency in the foreign exchange market is determined by various factors such as central bank policy and the local demand for imports and foreign assets.
- The demand for a country’s currency, on the other hand, is determined by factors such as central bank policy and the foreign demand for exports and domestic assets.
- Divergence in the monetary policies of the U.S. Federal Reserve and the European Central Bank is the primary reason behind the euro’s significant depreciation against the U.S. dollar.
- Inflation in the U.S. hit a four-decade high of 9.1% in June 2022 while inflation in the Eurozone reached its highest-ever level of 8.6% during the same month.
- The U.S. Federal Reserve responded to the rising prices by raising the interest rates this year in order to slow down U.S. money supply growth.
- The ECB, however, has been far less aggressive in tightening policy even though the inflation rate is as high as 22% in some European countries.’
- This has caused the value of the euro to slide against the dollar as currency traders witness, or at least expect, the supply of euros in the market rising relative to the supply of dollars.
- The value of the euro has been affected by the uncertainty in energy supplies in the wake of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and the ensuing actions against Russia.
- Europe now has to shell out more euros to import limited energy supplies, which in turn has adversely affected the value of the euro against the U.S. dollar.