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Kudremukh Range

Kudremukh Range:

Kudremukh Iron Ore Company Limited (KIOCL) recentlly sought post-facto approval for submerging 700 acres of forest in Kudremukh Range at the heart of Western Ghats about 20 years ago.

  • Kudremukh Range is located in the Western Ghats in the Chikmagalur district of Karnataka.
  • These broad hills overlook the Arabian Sea and are connected by deep valleys and sharp cliffs.
  • It is also known as the Horse Face Range (the literal meaning of Kudremukh in Kannada is horse-faced).
  • It got its name from its main peak, Kudremukh Peak (1892 metres), which has a marked similarity to the face of a horse.
  • Kudremukh National Park, the second largest wildlife protected area in the Western Ghats, is located in these ranges.
  • It is believed that Kudremukh served as a landmark for sailors on the western coast for over 2000 years.

Kudremukh National Park

  • It is spread across 600.57 sq km. in the Chikkamagaluru and Dakshina Kannada districts of Karnataka.
  • Dense forest cover primarily consists of semi-evergreen and evergreen trees.
  • Rare flora on the edge of extinction, such as the Nilambur Cobra Lily and the South Indian Jewel Orchid, can be found here.
  • In addition, there are many trees, including eucalyptus, acacia, silk oaks, casuarinas, and others.
  • It houses a variety of wildlife such as the leopard, Malabar giant squirrel, sloth bear, gaur, sambar, jackal, mongoose, tiger, wild dog, common langur etc.
  • It is home to a variety of birds, such as the Malabar trogon, Malabar whistling thrush, and the imperial pigeon.