Scientists at Johns Hopkins University (JHU) recently outlined a potentially revolutionary new area of research called “organoid intelligence”, which aims to create “biocomputers”.
- Bio computers are computing devices that use biological components such as DNA, proteins, and cells to perform computational tasks. Biocomputers use the properties of biological systems to perform computations, such as molecular recognition, self-assembly, and amplification.
- Researchers coupled the organoids with machine learning by growing the organoids inside flexible structures affixed with multiple electrodes (similar to the ones used to take EEG readings from the brain).
- These structures will be able to record the firing patterns of the neurons and also deliver electrical stimuli, to mimic sensory stimuli.
- The response pattern of the neurons and their effect on human behaviour or biology will then be analyzed by machine-learning techniques.