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Snakebite Envenoming

Snakebite Envenoming:

A team of experts from a United Kingdom university have set up a pilot study in Burujhari village in Odisha, India to help it reduce the number of fatalities from Snakebite Envenoming (SE) and will look into solutions like an Early Warning System for snakes.

  • India has the biggest burden of deaths due to Snake Bites in the world, with most of the cases in rural India.
  • WHO (World Health Organization) formally listed Snakebite Envenoming as a highest-priority Neglected Tropical Disease (NTD) in June 2017.
  • Snakebites Envenoming is a potentially life-threatening disease that typically results from the injection of a mixture of different toxins (venom) following the bite of a Venomous Snake and can also be caused by having venom sprayed into the eyes by certain species of snakes that have the ability to spit venom as a defence measure.
  • Snakebite poses a significant daily health risk in rural tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, the Middle East, Asia, Oceania, and Latin America, particularly for the hundreds of millions of people in rural and peri-urban communities reliant on agriculture and subsistence activities for survival
  • Many snakebite victims, mostly in developing countries, suffer from long-term complications such as deformities, contractures, amputations, visual impairment, renal complications and psychological distress.
  • According to the World Health Organization (WHO), around 81,410 to 137,880 people around the world die each year because of snakebites.
  • WHO launched its roadmap in 2019 with an aim to halve death and disability from snakebite by 2030.
  • In order to create a sustainable market for antivenoms there is a need for a 25% increase in the number of competent manufacturers by 2030.
  • WHO has planned a pilot project to create a global antivenom stockpile.
  • Integrating snakebite treatment and response into national health plans in affected countries, including better training of health personnel and educating communities.