Tribute To Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya:
The Prime Minister recently paid tribute to Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya on his jayanti at a function at Parliament.
- Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya was born on December 25, 1861, in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh.
- He is known for his contribution to India’s education system and his role in the Indian Independence movement.
- Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya was given the title of ‘Mahamana’ or great soul by Mahatma Gandhi, who considered him as an elder brother.
- In 2014, Pandit Malviya was posthumously conferred with Bharat Ratna, the country’s highest civilian award.
- In 2016, the Indian Railways started the Varanasi-New Delhi Mahamana Express in the leader’s honour.
- He played a key role in the Indian independence struggle against British rule and founded the Banaras Hindu University (BHU) in 1916. At the BHU, he served as Vice-Chancellor from 1919 to 1938.
- Malaviya was one of the early leaders of the Hindu Mahasabha, and helped found it in 1906. He was a social reformer and a successful legislator, serving as a member of the Imperial Legislative Council for 11 years (1909–20).
- He was also one of the founders of Scout and Guide in India.
- One of the most famous slogans, ‘Satyamev Jayate’ was said by Pandit Malviya in the session of 1918 when he was the President of the Indian National Congress.
- Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya was the President of Indian National Congress for four sessions (1909, 1913, 1919 and 1932). Pandit Malviya played a big role in the Civil Disobedience and Non-cooperation movement which were led by Mahatma Gandhi.
- He was the chairman of Hindustan Times from 1924 to 1946 and he also founded many Hindi and English newspapers, namely: The Leader, Hindustan Dainik, Maryada etc.
- Malaviya espoused free and compulsory primary education, opposed the system of indentured labour in the British Empire, and supported the nationalisation of railways.