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Sloth Bear: Important Points

Sloth bear

Two sloth bears were rescued by forest officials from a village in Jharkhand by the People for Animals group.

  • The People for Animals (PFA) is an animal welfare organization founded by Maneka Gandhi.
  • The PFA was informed by Madaris. Madaris is a nomadic community that earns a living by performing street acts with animals.
  • Sloth bears are found in Sri Lanka, India, Bhutan and Nepal, predominantly in lowland areas.
  • Sloth bears primarily eat termites and ants, and unlike other bear species, they routinely carry their cubs on their backs.
  • They are also very fond of honey, hence their alternative name of “honey bear”.
  • Sloth bears do not hibernate.
  • Scientific Name: Melursus ursinus
  • Habitat: It is a forest-dwelling member of the family Ursidae (comprises 8 species of bears) that inhabits tropical or subtropical regions of India and Sri Lanka.
  • Protection Status:
    • IUCN Red List: Vulnerable’
    • CITES listing: Appendix I
    • Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule I
  • Threats: Habitat loss, poaching for body parts and are sometimes captured for use in performances or hunted because of their aggressive behavior and destruction of crops.

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