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Koyna Dam

Koyna Dam

The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India informed about the delay in the grant of Revised Administrative Approval to an incomplete hydroelectric project in Maharashtra.

  • The delay resulted in the funds being blocked for more than six years.
  • The Water Resources Department (WRD) of the Maharashtra government accorded Administrative Approval for the construction of 2×40 MegaWatt (MW) hydroelectric project at Koyna Dam Foot on the left bank of the Koyna Dam in 2004.
  • The Koyna Dam is the largest dam in Maharashtra. The Dam is located in Koyana Nagar, Satara District.
  • It is nestled in the Western Ghats on the state highway between Chiplun and Karad. Koyna Dam is a rubble-concrete dam built on the Koyna River which rises in Mahabaleshwar, a hill-station in Sahyadri mountain ranges.
  • The work on Koyna dam was initiated in 1951 and the first turbine started working in 1962.
  • At present the stage V of Koyna Hydroelectric Power Project is under construction.
  • The main purpose of the dam is to provide hydroelectricity with some irrigation facilities in neighboring areas.
  • The Koyna dam supplies water to Paschim Maharashtra as well as to the hydroelectric power to neighboring areas.
  • The dam plays a vital role in flood control in monsoon season. The catchment area dams the Koyna river and forms the Shivsagar Lake which is approximately 50 km in length.
  • Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary covering an area of around 423.55 km2 was notified in 1985.
  • In 2007 Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary along with Chandoli National Park was declared as a part of Sahyadri Tiger Reserve declared by The National Tiger Conservation Authority.
  • It is one of the largest civil engineering projects commissioned after Indian independence.
  • The Koyna hydro-electric project is run by the Maharashtra State Electricity Board.

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