2023 India Ageing Report:
The United Nations Population Fund, India, has released the “2023 India Ageing Report,” which projects a significant increase in the elderly population in India
Major Findings of the Report:
- The population of people aged 80+ years is projected to grow by around 279% between 2022 and 2050.
- By 2046 it is likely that the elderly population will have surpassed the population of children (aged 0 to 15 years) in the country
- By 2050, the elderly population in India is expected to make up over 20% of the total population (The present share of elderly is about 10% in 2021 )
- Among the Elderly More than 40% of the elderly in India are in the poorest wealth quintile, with over 18% having no income.
- Life Expectancy Women, on average, have a longer life expectancy compared to men, with variations across states.
- Among the Elderly The sex ratio among the elderly is increasing, indicating longer survival of women compared to men.
- Old Age Poverty is gendered in old age, with older women more likely to be widowed, living alone, and dependent on family support.
- The report suggests policies to address the feminization and ruralization of the elderly population, increase awareness of schemes for older persons, and promote in-situ ageing.