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Artificial Reef (AR)

Artificial Reef (AR):

To promote sustainable practises, the Department of Fisheries has sanctioned 732 artificial reef units for 10 coastal states as a sub-activity under the “Integrated Modern Coastal Fishing Villages” of Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY).

  • Artificial Reefs (AR) is a manmade structure that may mimic some of the characteristics of a natural reef.
  • These are engineering technology interventions used to rehabilitate and/or improve natural habitats, increase productivity, and manage aquatic resources, including habitat enhancement (FAO, 2015).
  • Materials used to construct artificial reefs have included rocks, cinder blocks, and even wood and old tyres, which come in an infinite number of shapes and styles.
  • The projects are being implemented with the technical support of the Fisheries Survey of India (FSI) and ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI).
  • Advantages of AR:
    • It boosts marine biodiversity.
    • It encourages fish population growth.
    • It reduces pressure on natural reefs.

Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana:

  • It is a flagship scheme for focused and sustainable development of the fisheries sector in the country, with an estimated investment of Rs. 20,050 crores for its implementation during a period of 5 years from FY 2020-21 to FY 2024-25 in all States/Union Territories.
  • It aims at enhancing fish production by an additional 70 lakh tonnes by 2024-25.
  • Increasing fisheries export earnings to Rs.1,00,000 crore by 2024-25.
  • Doubling the incomes of fishers and fish farmers, reducing post-harvest losses from 20-25%.