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Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) Test

Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) Test:

According to a nationwide study, India is estimated to have 10.13 crore people with diabetes and another 13.6 crore people who are pre-diabetic.

  • Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) Test is one of the most commonly-used tests to diagnose pre-diabetes and diabetes (both type 1 and type 2) and to help manage diabetes.
  • It is also known as the glycated haemoglobin or glycosylated haemoglobin test.
  • It is an important blood test that gives a good indication of how well your diabetes is being controlled.
  • Hemoglobin is the part of your red blood cells that carries oxygen from your lungs to the rest of your body.
  • Sugar enters your bloodstream from the food you eat.
  • The sugar or glucose, attaches to the haemoglobin in your red blood cells.
  • Haemoglobin is a protein that transports oxygen to all the cells of your body.
  • Everybody has some sugar attached to their haemoglobin.
  • Those with pre-diabetes and diabetes, however, have more.
  • The HbA1C test measures the percentage of your red blood cells that have sugar-coated, or glycated, haemoglobin.