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National Strategy For Robotics

National Strategy For Robotics:

The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) in India has released a draft “National Strategy for Robotics” (NSR) aimed at strengthening the innovation cycle of robotic technology and fostering India’s leadership in robotics by 2030.

  • Robotics deals with the design, construction, operation, and application of robots coupled with computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing.
  • According to the World Robotics Report for the year 2022, India ranks 10th globally in terms of annual industrial installations of robots.
  • India’s strengths in Future of Work (Tech Economy 0) include robotics, AI, IoT, cloud computing, supply chain 4.0, 3D printing, big data, digital payments, etc
  • Applications in Agriculture: Robotics in agriculture: Autonomous precision seeding, Micro-spraying robots, Weed removal robots, Drones, Robot-assisted precision irrigation.
  • Human-Automation Balance: Balancing human interface and automation, e.g., collaborative robots (Cobots) working alongside skilled workers.
  • Upskilling of migrant workers for greater efficiency.
  • Employment Scope: Leading sectors: manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, packaging, FMCG, and inspection

Draft NSR include:

  • A framework for implementing robotics in sectors like manufacturing, agriculture, healthcare, and national security, aligning with the Make in India 2.0 Framework
  • The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) will serve as the nodal agency for robotics, overseeing the NSR through the ‘National Robotics Mission’ (NRM).
  • Core Areas identified by NSR Manufacturing:
    • Logistics and Warehousing automation, Process Optimization etc.
    • Healthcare: Surgical Robots, telemedicine area, etc.
    • Agriculture: Crop scouting, spot Spraying, etc
    • National Security: Combat robots, Mine Detection etc.
  • Interventions Fiscal and non-fiscal interventions by the NRM to support innovation in robotics, including funding mechanisms for start-ups and export promotion.
  • Establishment of a regulatory framework led by the Robotics Innovation Unit (RIU) for proper governance and regulation of robotics technology.
  • Ensuring Regulatory Sandboxes and development of robotics industrial zones.
  • Creation of Centres of Excellence (CoEs) in Robotics for foundational and applied research, with private sector involvement in application-based research.
  • Advisory Support Plans for providing advisory support to start-ups, utilizing research potential in higher education institutions, and developing robotics industrial zones.
  • A proposed policy where the central government acts as a demand aggregator for domestically manufactured robotic systems, incentivizing domestic production.