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Pasmanda Community

Pasmanda Community:

Pasmanda Community has gained attention of many political parties for inclusive growth and eradication of intra caste discrimination.

  • ‘Pasmanda’, a Persian term meaning “those who have fallen behind” refers to Muslims belonging to the shudra (backward) and ati-shudra (Dalit) castes.
  • It was adopted as an oppositional identity to that of the dominant ashraf Muslims (forward castes) in 1998 by the Pasmanda Muslim Mahaz, a group which mainly worked in Bihar.
  • Pasmandas encompass those who are socially, educationally and economically backward and make up the majority of the Muslim community in the country.
  • The term “Pasmanda” is majorly used by Muslim associations in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and other parts of India to define themselves as Muslim communities historically and socially oppressed by caste.
  • Backward, Dalit and tribal Muslim communities are now organising under the identity of Pasmanda. These communities includes:
    • Kunjre (Raeen), Julahe (Ansari), Dhunia (Mansuri), Kasai (Qureishi), Fakir (Alvi), Hajjam (Salmani), Mehtar (Halalkhor), Gwala (Ghosi), Dhobi (Hawari), Lohar-Badhai (Saifi), Manihar (Siddiqui), Darzi (Idrisi), Vangujjar, etc.