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Synthetic Biology

Synthetic Biology:

As per study by USA, due to climate change one-third of all animal and plant species on the planet could face extinction by 2070.

  • Environmentalists consider synthetic biology or ‘synbio’ as a potential tool to preserve biodiversity and restore the natural ecosystem.
  • The term ‘synthetic biology’ was first used by Barbara Hobomin in 1980, to describe bacteria that had been genetically engineered using recombinant DNA technology.
  • Synthetic biology refers to the science of using genetic sequencing, editing, and modification to create unnatural organisms or organic molecules that can function in living systems.
  • Synthetic biology enables scientists to design and synthesise new sequences of DNA from scratch.
  • The term was used to describe the synthesis of unnatural organic molecules that function in living systems.
  • More broadly in this sense, the term has been used with reference to efforts to ‘redesign life’.
  • This technology could be helpful in use for sustainable production of bioenergy, drugs, and food.
  • Interesting application of synbio are its usage for the capture of carbon dioxide from industrial emissions.
  • Further, the captured gas is then recycled to fuels using microorganisms. Potentially, such transformations comprise benefits ranging from protecting threatened species to providing synthetic alternatives to wildlife products.
  • This technology would help us resolve some of society’s most imperative problems from infectious disease to drug development to sustainability.
  • Its helping scientists find the right answers, faster and in a more efficient way and driving them towards the path of innovation.