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What Are Anabolic Steroids?

What Are Anabolic Steroids?

Two of India’s track-and-field Tokyo Olympians failed dope tests for using banned anabolic steroids.

  • Anabolic steroids are usually used by bodybuilders.
  • They are essentially lab-made versions of the male hormone testosterone and have a similar effect of increasing muscle mass as the natural hormone does.
  • It also increases male characteristics in a person, such as facial hair and a deeper voice.
  • Anabolic steroids, however, very different from the steroids that are prescribed by doctors for inflammations, several autoimmune diseases, or to suppress the body’s immune system during a Covid-19 infection.
  • These medicines/steroids are called corticosteroids and are lab-made molecules that mimic the action of the hormone called cortisol that controls the body’s stress response, metabolism, and inflammation.
  • Unlike corticosteroids, anabolic steroids have limited medical use.
  • The anabolic steroids have a very limited medical role and are mainly used by doctors to help patients gain weight after a severe illness or injury.
  • It could also be prescribed in small doses to the elderly to build muscle mass and in some cases also helps to treat anemia.
  • Doctors may also prescribe the medicine to men who have low levels of natural testosterone.
  • Some doctors use it for the treatment of osteoarthritis (a condition where bones wear down over time).

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