Herero And Nama people:
Germany for the first time has recognized that it committed genocide against the Herero and Nama people in present-day Namibia during its colonial rule over a century ago, and promised financial support of over a billion euros to the Southern African nation.
- Between 1904 and 1908, German colonial settlers killed tens of thousands of men, women, and children from the Herero and Nama tribes after they rebelled against colonial rule in what was then called German Southwest Africa.
- Between 1884 and 1890, Germany formally colonized parts of present-day Namibia — a territory that was roughly twice as large as the European nation, but not as densely populated. By 1903, around 3,000 German settlers had occupied the central high ground of the region.
- Tensions quickly rose as local tribes saw the German settlers as a threat to their land and resources. The conflict reached a boiling point in 1904, when the Herero nation — a primarily pastoral community — rebelled against the Germans, and were closely followed by the Nama tribe.
- During the Battle of Waterberg, around 80,000 Herero, including women and children, were chased across the desert by German troops. A mere 15,000 survived.
- The Germans continued to rule the region till 1915, following which it fell under South Africa’s control for 75 years. Namibia finally gained independence in 1990.
- The atrocities committed to what was then known as German southwest Africa have been described by some historians as the first genocide of the 20th century.