Today’s Current Affairs: 24th Jun 2023 for UPSC IAS exams, State PSC exams, SSC CGL, State SSC, RRB, Railways, Banking Exam & IBPS, etc
Table of Contents
Canary Islands : More Than 30 Migrants Dead
A boat tragedy occurred recently, around the Canary Islands in Spain.
- More than 30 migrants are feared dead after a small boat headed for Spain’s Canary Islands sank.
- Neither Spanish nor Moroccan authorities have confirmed about how many people had been on board the vessel or how many might be missing.
- Located in Atlantic Ocean.
- It is an archipelago which is a group or chain of islands that are closely scattered in a body of water, such as a sea, ocean, lake, or river.
- It is about 1300 km South of mainland Spain and 115 km West of the African coast (Morocco).
- The Canaries comprise the Spanish provinces of:-
- Las Palmas and
- Santa Cruz de Tenerife.
- These Islands were formed by volcanic eruptions millions of years ago.
- They have a subtropical climate.
- Temperatures are warm and show little seasonal variation.
- It has rich volcanic soils and mild temperatures that support a wide variety of vegetation.
Gangotri National Park : Transfer Of Land To The Army And Indo-Tibetan Border Police
Gangotri National Park (GNP) in Uttarakhand, has decided to transfer approximately 50 hectares of land to the Army and Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) for the development of new bunkers and border outposts near the Line of Actual Control (LAC).
- Gangotri National Park was established in 1989 in Uttarkashi, Uttarakhand.
- It is located in the upper catchment of the Bhagirathi River and includes Gaumukh at Gangotri Glacier, the source of the river Ganga.
- The park serves as a connecting link between Govind National Park and Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary.
- The Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) ,est. 1962; HQ: New Delhi,is a central paramilitary force responsible for border guarding duties along the Sino-India Border, covering a distance of 3,488 km from Karakoram Pass in Ladakh to Jachep La in Arunachal Pradesh.
- The ITBP is known for its specialization in mountain operations, with its officers and personnel being trained mountaineers and skiers.
- In November 2019, the Ministry of Home Affairs proposed the merger of the Assam Rifles with the ITBP.
New Standards For Food Serving Utensils : Bureau Of Indian Standards
The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) has published new standards for Food Serving Utensils Made from Agri By-Products.
- Food Serving Utensils made from Agricultural by products is aimed at reducing plastic pollution and promoting sustainability.
- Using biodegradable agri by-product utensils can contribute towards environmental safety, conserve natural resources, and promote a circular economy.
- These utensils are free from harmful additives and ensure consumer well-being.
- The standard also creates economic opportunities for farmers.
- It supports sustainable agricultural practices, contributing to rural development.
- In India, numerous large-scale and Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises level manufacturers are actively contributing to the production of biodegradable cutlery, they will benefit immensely from this Standard.
Bureau of Indian Standards:-
- BIS is the National Standard Body of India.
- It was established in 1986.
- It was originally enacted under Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986.
- A new act to replace the BIS Act of 1986 was introduced in the Lok Sabha, which was subsequently passed by both houses of the Parliament in 2016.
- Headquarter : New Delhi.
Lab Grown Diamond:
Prime Minister Narendra Modi gifted a 7.5-carat lab-grown diamond to U.S. First Lady Jill Biden during his state visit.
- The diamond was manufactured in a Surat factory in Gujarat, using a process that replicates the formation of natural diamonds beneath the earth’s surface.
- India is a leading player in growing lab-grown diamonds, with exports reaching over $1.67 billion.
- Lab-grown diamonds offer a more affordable alternative to natural diamonds and are considered eco-friendly.
- They are around 20% cheaper than their naturally-formed equivalent
- India is the largest producer of lab-grown diamonds through CVD technology and contributes to nearly 25% of global LGD production.
- Overall, India accounts for 5% of the global production of LGD
Star Rating Registration Process For Coal Mines:
The Ministry of Coal has announced the commencement of the Star Rating Registration process of Coal and Lignite Mines for the financial year 2022-23.
- The Star Rating policy aims to evaluate mines based on various factors across seven key parameters namely,
- Mining Operations,
- Environment-related parameters,
- Adoption of Technologies,
- Best Mining Practices,
- Economic performance,
- Rehabilitation & Resettlement,
- Worker-related Compliance and Safety & security.
- Participating mines will undergo a self-evaluation process, and the top 10% performing mines will be further validated through inspections conducted by a committee.
- While the remaining 90% of the mines will undergo an online review process, all participants can contribute to the evaluation by reviewing other mines.
- The evaluation will be conducted by the Coal Controller’s Organization.
- The ratings awarded range from Five Star to NO Star, comprehensively evaluating each mine’s achievements.
- It aims to foster competitiveness among mines and recognize their outstanding performance based on compliance of statutory provisions, adoption of advanced mining technology and economic achievements.
Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary : Tiger Found Dead
A male tiger was recently found dead inside the Ratapani Sanctuary.
- Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary stretches across 823 sq. km in the Raisen and Sehore districts of Madhya Pradesh.
- This rocky forest with an aquatic environment is spread on Vindhya hills.
- It runs parallel to the northern side of the Narmada River. Kolar River forms the western boundary of the Sanctuary.
- The sanctuary was first notified in 1976 and then extended in 1983. In the year 2008, it was declared as a Tiger Reserve.
- The Sanctuary has Bhimbetika, “a group of rock shelters and rock paintings,” which is one of the ” World Heritage Sites” declared by UNESCO.
- The forest of this Sanctuary is of dry deciduous and moist deciduous types.
- About 55% of the area is covered by teak.
- The remaining mixed forests consist of various dry deciduous species.
- The regal striped cat is the apex predator, and estimates suggest that 40 tigers roam these forests.
- Chinkara’ an endangered species, is also found in the Sanctuary.
The Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy recently announced that all new Russian navy frigate and corvette class vessels would be equipped with hypersonic Zircon missiles
- The 3M22 Zircon, or the SS-N-33, is a manoeuvring anti-ship hypersonic cruise missile developed in Russia.
- It can reach speeds of over 9,500 kilometres per hour (6,000 miles per hour), around nine times faster than the speed of sound.
- It’s a two-stage missile that uses solid fuel in the first stage and a scramjet motor in the second stage.
- It can accurately pinpoint targets at a range of more than 1,000 kilometres (620 miles).
- Guidance System: Active and Passive Radar Seeker
- Hypersonic cruise missile is a type of missile that is designed to travel at extremely high speeds, typically 5 times the speed of sound
- They are powered by rocket engines and are typically equipped with guidance systems to help them navigate to their targets.
Global Liveability Index 2023:
The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) unveiled Global Liveability Index 2023.
Key highlights of the report:
- Top cities to live: Vienna (Austria), Copenhagen (Denmark), Melbourne and Sydney (Australia)
- Bottom 3 Liveable cities: Algiers (Algeria), Tripoli (Libya) and Damascus (Syria)
- From Asia, Japan’s Osaka was ranked number 10 in the rankings.
- The index rose last year to reach a 15-year high as the world recovered from the pandemic.
- The average index score is now 76.2 out of 100, up from 73.2 a year ago.
- Despite overall growth in the index score, stability saw a marginal decline.
- Those in Western Europe, in particular, have slipped in rankings due to increased instances of workers’ strikes failing to “match gains” made by cities in Asia and the Middle East.
- The cities which are plagued by ongoing civil unrest and military conflicts, amongst other issues, remained at the bottom of the list.
Global Liveability Index 2023:
- The index quantifies the challenges presented to an individual’s lifestyle in 173 cities worldwide.
- It was given considering five metrics: healthcare, culture, environment, education, and stability.
- This ranking offers insights into the cities that excel in providing an exceptional quality of life.
Rise In The Prices Of Cumin:
There has been an unprecedented rise in the prices of Cumin, commonly known as jeera, in India.
- Jeera (Cumin) cultivation is an aromatic seed that adds an extra punch of taste to Indian dishes.
- It is believed that Jeera is native to the Mediterranean region, and it was well-known in Ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome.
- Its oil is reported to have antibacterial activity and is also used in veterinary medicines and various other industries.
- It grows well in both tropical and sub-tropical climates, and it comes up well in all types of soils, but well-drained sandy loam soils are best suited.
- It is a highly weather-sensitive crop.
- It requires a moderately cool and dry climate without any humidity.
- It is a Rabi crop and is cultivated mainly in Gujarat and Rajasthan.
- It is sown from October to November and harvested in February and March.
- India accounts for some 70% of the world’s production of this seed spice.
Grievance Redressal Assessment And Index (GRAI) 2022:
The Union Minister of Public Grievances, and Pensions, launched the Grievance Redressal Assessment and Index (GRAI) 2022.
- Grievance Redressal Assessment and Index (GRAI) 2022 was conceptualised and designed by the Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (DARPG), Govt. of India.
- Objective is to present an organisation-wise comparative picture and provide valuable insights about strengths and areas of improvement regarding the grievance redressal mechanism.
- Eighty-nine Central Ministries and Departments were assessed and ranked based on a comprehensive index in the dimensions of (1) Efficiency, (2) Feedback, (3) Domain and (4) Organisational Commitment and corresponding 12 indicators.
- To compute the index, data between January and December 2022 was used from the Centralised Public Grievance Redressal and Management System (CPGRAMS).
- CPGRAMS is an online platform available to the citizens 24×7 to lodge their grievances to the public authorities on any subject related to service delivery.