CrackitToday App

Sariska Tiger Reserve : Relocation Of Sloth Bears

Sariska Tiger Reserve : Relocation Of Sloth Bears

After successful reintroduction of tigers at the Sariska Tiger Reserve (STR), the forest department is planning to relocate a pair of sloth bears at the reserve.

  • It is located in the Aravalli hills in the Alwar district of Rajasthan
  • It was declared as a wildlife reserve in 1955 and then a Tiger Reserve in 1978 under Project Tiger.
  • It is the first reserve in the world which successfully relocated tigers.
  • Sariska is also famous for old temples, palaces and lakes such as Pandu Pol, Bhangarh Fort, Ajaibgarh, Pratapgarh, Siliserh Lake and Jai Samand Lake.
  • Flora: salar, kadaya, dhak, gol, ber , Banyan , gugal , bamboo , kair , adusta etc
  • Fauna: Bengal tigers, leopard, jungle cat, Indian jackal, chital, chinkara, four-horned antelope, Indian peafowl, grey partridge, Indian peafowl, Indian eagle-owl etc.

Sloth Bear:

  • Sloth bears are one of the eight bear species found across the world.
  • Scientific name: Melursus ursinus
  • They mainly inhabit the region of India, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bhutan.
  • They have long, shaggy dark brown or black fur and curved claws, which are the longest out of any of the bear species.
  • Conservation Status:
    • IUCN: “Vulnerable”
    • Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule 1