Sariska Tiger Reserve : Relocation Of Sloth Bears
After successful reintroduction of tigers at the Sariska Tiger Reserve (STR), the forest department is planning to relocate a pair of sloth bears at the reserve.
- It is located in the Aravalli hills in the Alwar district of Rajasthan
- It was declared as a wildlife reserve in 1955 and then a Tiger Reserve in 1978 under Project Tiger.
- It is the first reserve in the world which successfully relocated tigers.
- Sariska is also famous for old temples, palaces and lakes such as Pandu Pol, Bhangarh Fort, Ajaibgarh, Pratapgarh, Siliserh Lake and Jai Samand Lake.
- Flora: salar, kadaya, dhak, gol, ber , Banyan , gugal , bamboo , kair , adusta etc
- Fauna: Bengal tigers, leopard, jungle cat, Indian jackal, chital, chinkara, four-horned antelope, Indian peafowl, grey partridge, Indian peafowl, Indian eagle-owl etc.
- Sloth bears are one of the eight bear species found across the world.
- Scientific name: Melursus ursinus
- They mainly inhabit the region of India, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bhutan.
- They have long, shaggy dark brown or black fur and curved claws, which are the longest out of any of the bear species.
- Conservation Status:
- IUCN: “Vulnerable”
- Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule 1